OLAC Record
oai:sil.org:9275

Metadata
Title:An autosegmental theory of stress
Abstract:

This study argues for a theory in which metrical constituents are inherently headless and stress is autosegmental. Under this view, the distinction between tone languages and stress languages is characterized in terms of the respective domains in which autosegmental operations occur rather than by applying separate theories to tone and stress. This means that both types of prominence, although phonetically distinct, are derived via the same set of principles and devices.

Stress is shown to exhibit the following autosegmental properties: stability (Bedouin Hijazi Arabic), morphemic stress (Spanish, Turkish, Tagalog), and the ability to float (Mayo, Tagalog). After comparing these and other properties of stress with general autosegmental properties, it is concluded that stress is an autosegment.

Assuming that feet can be either disyllabic, bimoraic, or iambic, the above conclusion predicts the existence of five types of binary stressed feet. These are the left- and right-stressed syllabic foot, instantiated by Warao and Mayo, respectively; left- and right-stressed moraic foot, instantiated by Cairene Arabic and Turkish, respectively; and iambic foot, instantiated by Hixkaryana. The asymmetric nature of the iambic foot is attributed to the Weight-to-Stress Principle, which allows stress to be assigned directly to heavy syllables. It is shown, furthermore, that this principle predicts all and only the attested types of unbounded stress systems. Stressless feet and unfooted stresses are instantiated in Mayo and Tagalog.

The autosegmental theory of stress advances phonological theory in three ways. First, it eliminates most of the principles and devices which up to now [1993] have been used only to describe stress, leaving only the abstract stress autosegment which is itself subject to the principles of autosegmental theory. Second, this approach makes it possible to attribute many of the apparent differences between stress and tone to differences in their respective domains rather than differences in their formal properties. Third, the autosegmental theory of stress facilitates the simple formalization of a number of stress systems with heretofore complex analyses, including Yidiny, Mayo, Cairene Arabic, Turkish, Khalkha Mongolian, Capanahua, and Tagalog.

Editor's note: The present volume is a slightly revised version of the author's 1993 Ph.D. dissertation presented to the Graduate College of the University of Arizona. Although this work is outdated in many respects, we are publishing it in order to make the data available to phonology instructors and those investigating problems of stress.

Contributor (author):Hagberg, Lawrence R.
Date (W3CDTF):2006
Description (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/9275
Extent:208 pages
Identifier (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/9275
http://www.sil.org/resources/publications/entry/9275
Is Part Of:SIL e-Books 3
Language:English
Language (ISO639):eng
Publisher:SIL International
Subject:Hijazi Arabic language
Egyptian Arabic language
Hixkaryána language
Huastec language
Capanahua language
Halh Mongolian language
Mayo language
Macedonian language
Tagalog language
Turkish language
Warao language
Yidiny language
Yoruba language
moraic theory; metrical structure; floating accent; headless feet; length; extrametricality; autosegmental stress; Obligatory Contour Principle; Stress
Subject (ISO639):acw
arz
hix
hus
kaq
khk
mfy
mkd
tgl
tur
wba
yii
yor
Type (DCMI):Text

OLAC Info

Archive:  SIL Language and Culture Archives
Description:  http://www.language-archives.org/archive/sil.org
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OAI Info

OaiIdentifier:  oai:sil.org:9275
DateStamp:  2013-04-27
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for simple DC format

Search Info

Citation: Hagberg, Lawrence R. 2006. SIL e-Books 3.
Terms: area_Africa area_Americas area_Asia area_Europe area_Pacific country_AU country_BR country_EG country_GB country_MK country_MN country_MX country_NG country_PE country_PH country_SA country_TR country_VE dcmi_Text iso639_acw iso639_arz iso639_eng iso639_hix iso639_hus iso639_kaq iso639_khk iso639_mfy iso639_mkd iso639_tgl iso639_tur iso639_wba iso639_yii iso639_yor

Inferred Metadata

Country: AustraliaBrazilEgyptMacedoniaMongoliaMexicoNigeriaPeruPhilippinesSaudi ArabiaTurkeyVenezuela
Area: AfricaAmericasAsiaEuropePacific


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Up-to-date as of: Mon Jun 15 5:57:19 EDT 2015