OLAC Record

histtind com MN
Contributor:DobeS Team
Contributor (consultant):Manoel
Contributor (speaker):Manoel
Contributor (translator):Manoel
(macro-região, como "norte" "centro-oeste")
(estado, UF)
(parque / terra indígena, se houver)
Description:This interview with Seu Manoel Aikanã about the history of the occupation of the TI Tubarão-Latundê, was conducted on 2nd December 2012, at around 4pm, in Manoel’s home in Gleba. He is sitting at the big table in the entrance room, the camera is in front of him on a tripod, a sound recorder on the table. The camera is operated by Lisa Grund, the sound recorder by Eduardo Ribeiro, next to Manoel sits Hein van der Voort. At the beginning the interview is interrupted by a loud engine sound of the generator that pumps the water to the houses in the village. In this video recording, Manoel explains, with the help of an ethno-historical map that Hein van der Voort created together with the villagers, the territorial history of the Aikanã, where they came from and used to live, and why and how in the end the TI (indigenous territory) was founded on an allotted INCRA land, near Chupinguaia in the southeast of Rondônia. Traditionally the Aikanã and Kwazá lived in an area of rich forest with fertile soils west of the Pimenta Bueno River. As a consequence of their re-allocation in the 40s by the Indian Protection Service, the construction of the BR-364 in the 60s and the encroachment onto their lands by loggers, miners and settlers from outside, the majority of the remaining population, mostly Aikanã (about 200 individuals), since 1973 live in the Indigenous Reserve Tubarão-Latundê east of the Pimento Bueno River, near the Cuiaba-Porto-Velho highway, which was officially demarcated in 1983. In Manoel’s explanations it becomes clear that important former villages, such as the Aldeia do Tanaru, have been transformed into unrecognisable cattle grazing fields of large fazendas. The Aikanã traditionally lived along and at the headwaters of the river Pimenta Bueno, also called Apediá/Apeya in the southeastern state of Rondônia. Neighbouring peoples were the Kwazá (or Koaiá, isolated language), Kanoê (isolated language), Salamãi (Tupi) and Kepkiriwat (extinct Tupi language), and at a distance slightly larger, the Latundê (Nambikwara language) and the Sakurabiat (Tupi language). The land that was in the end demarcated for the Aikanã does not reflect their traditional territory, which was much larger, with better soil and along large waterways. The actual reserve is predominently on unproductive, sandy soil and far from the nearest River Apeya (Pimenta Bueno), which is unfavourable to their subsistence farming, hunting and gathering activities. See the Word and Elan transcription file for more information on the context of the history of the TI Tubarão-Latundê. Manoel is one of our key informants and our host when we are in Gleba. He is a former leader or cacique of the community. He is very interested in the history, culture and language of his people and knows a lot, also through his father, Capitão Pedro, an “antigo” with a wealth of traditional knowledge and old-time-stories, who unfortunately recently passed away. Capitão Pedro met Dr Vitor Dequech on his expedition through this part of Rondônia, who photographed him standing in his traditional wear, with spear, outside a thatched round-house. Unfortunately, in the past years he grew increasingly deaf and his memory got weaker. However, Manoel is helping us to reconstruct some of his life history.
Identifier (URI):https://hdl.handle.net/1839/00-0000-0000-0022-4EBD-0
Is Part Of:DoBeS archive : Sudeste de Rondonia - Southeastern Rondonia
Language (ISO639):eng
Publisher:The Language Archive, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Subject:English language
Portuguese language
Subject (ISO639):eng


Archive:  The Language Archive
Description:  http://www.language-archives.org/archive/www.mpi.nl
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for OLAC format
GetRecord:  Pre-generated XML file

OAI Info

OaiIdentifier:  oai:www.mpi.nl:lat_1839_00_0000_0000_0022_4EBD_0
DateStamp:  2018-04-06
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for simple DC format

Search Info

Citation: Manoel (consultant); Manoel (speaker); Manoel (translator); DobeS Team. n.d. DoBeS archive : Sudeste de Rondonia - Southeastern Rondonia.
Terms: area_Europe country_GB country_PT iso639_eng iso639_por

Inferred Metadata

Country: United KingdomPortugal
Area: Europe

Up-to-date as of: Fri Jan 24 12:15:10 EST 2020