OLAC Record

Title:Lakni (Calendar)
Contributor (compiler):Stephen Morey
Contributor (translator):Chaichuen Khamdaengyodati
Description:This is a transcription and a set of images of the Lakni book, which details aspects of the Ahom Calendar. The version of the Lakni Book that we are presenting here was copied by Atul Borgohain in the 1980s. The book consists of 23 pages, all of which are numbered on the back side in the Ahom style. Following European Tradition, we will number the front side of each page as 1r (1 recto), and the back side as 1v (1 verso). The copy made by Atul Borgohain is unreadable in part, but with the assistance of Medini Mohan, we were fortunate to obtain photographs of another xerox copy, now held by Chaw Puspa Mohan of Parijat Village, Sibsagar District. When we examined it, this photocopy was bound in such a way that the back side of the first page (the numbered side) was first and the front side (the unnumbered side) was following it; this means that the 2nd page precedes the 1st which is then followed by the 4th page which precedes the 3rd and so on. Nevertheless, between the two copies we have been able to read the entire manuscript. Chau Puspa Mohan informed us that the original book is now at Jojoli, Sibsagar, in the possession of the family of Moniram Mohan. The last page of the text is the numbered side of page 23, and the back side of that page contains some information about the author, which is very difficult to read. The book appears to have been copied, and perhaps composed, by one Juna Phukan, since words which appear to read kau Juna Phukon (kw yUnoa fUkonq “I Juna Phukan”) appear at the end of the 2nd line of the back page. The author identifies himself as the descendent of one Nokumiya Phukon (lukq lnq enakuMmIAa fUkonq). The fact that the name of the ancestor and that of the writer/copyist are both Assamese suggests that the book was written very late in the Ahom kingdom, or perhaps even in the 19th century. The Lakni book is divided into the following sections: 1r1 to 4r5 Me Pi – the table of Lakni, Kham Mvng, Pi Pan and Pi Han 4r5 to 5r3 Twelve year ‘Zodiac’ cycle, and predictions for those years 5r4 to 9v2 Association of Zodiac years and Me Pi and predictions for those years 9v3 to 21r2 Texts A to C of Tai Ahoms and the Stars (Terwiel and Ranoo 1992) 21r3 to 21v2 Predictions on what will happen if it rains on certain days 21v3 to 22r1 Overcoming misfortunes 22r1 to 22v1 Predictions on what will happen if there are eclipses, by Tai days 22v1 to 22v5 Predictions on what will happen if there are eclipses, by Burmese days 22v5 to end Predictions on what will happen if there are eclipses, by time of day The first section lists the Me Pi (perhaps literally ‘mother of the year’), a term that is first encountered on folio 9v4, in the portion translated by Terwiel and Ranoo’s 1992 book Tai Ahoms and the Stars. The Me Pi consists of 60 sentences which names each year of the Lakni cycle and their correspondences with three other cycles – Kham Mvng, Pi Pan and Pi Han (which can also be read as Pi Kan). The exact meaning of these three last terms is not known. The second section contains 12 sentences that associate the years of the Lakni cycle with a twelve year Zodiac cycle. Since there are 60 years in the Lakni cycle and only 12 in the Zodiac, there are five Lakni years corresponding to each Zodiac year. The Zodiac is parallel to the 12 year cycles found in China, Thailand and various other parts of South East Asia and discussed in some depth by Terwiel (1981). This section also includes predictions for what will happen in the particular years The third section of 60 sentences associates each one of the Lakni years with both the Zodiac cycle and the full set of cycles that make up the Me Pi. For each of these years, there is a prediction given. Having established the regular calendrical cycles, there follow three sections relating to the ceremonies that need to be undertaken in times of trouble. These three section forms Texts A to C of Tai Ahoms and the Stars (Terwiel and Ranoo 1992). The last five sections of the Lakni book relate to predictions in the event of rain, misfortunes and eclipses. In the appended .pdf and Toolbox (.txt) files, only the first and last line of the first section have been transcribed in full
Identifier (URI):https://hdl.handle.net/1839/00-0000-0000-000D-FBB5-6
Is Part Of:DoBeS archive : Tangsa, Tai, Singpho in North East India
Language:Tai Ahom
Language (ISO639):aho
Publisher:The Language Archive, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Subject:Ahom language
Tai Ahom
Subject (ISO639):aho
Type (DCMI):StillImage


Archive:  The Language Archive
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OaiIdentifier:  oai:www.mpi.nl:lat_1839_00_0000_0000_000D_FBB5_6
DateStamp:  2018-04-05
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Search Info

Citation: Stephen Morey (compiler); Chaichuen Khamdaengyodati (translator). n.d. DoBeS archive : Tangsa, Tai, Singpho in North East India.
Terms: area_Asia country_IN dcmi_StillImage dcmi_Text iso639_aho

Inferred Metadata

Country: India
Area: Asia

Up-to-date as of: Thu Jan 9 9:11:37 EST 2020