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oai:scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu:10125/4452

Metadata
Title:Chapter 5. The story of *ô in the Cariban Family
Bibliographic Citation:Gildea, Spike, Hoff, B.J., Meira, Sérgio; 2010-05; Kaipuleohone University of Hawai'i Digital Language Archive;http://hdl.handle.net/10125/4452.
Creator:Gildea, Spike
Hoff, B.J.
Meira, Sérgio
Date (W3CDTF):2010-05
Description:This paper argues for the reconstruction of an unrounded mid central/back vowel *ô to Proto-Cariban. Recent comparative studies of the Cariban family encounter a consistent correspondence of ə : o : ɨ : e, tentatively reconstructed as *o2 (considering only pronouns; Meira 2002) and *ô (considering only seven languages; Meira & Franchetto 2005). The first empirical contribution of this paper is to expand the comparative database to twenty-one modern and two extinct Cariban languages, where the robustness of the correspondence is confirmed. In ten languages, *ô merges with another vowel, either *o or *ɨ. The second empirical contribution of this paper is to more closely analyze one apparent case of attested change from *ô > o, as seen in cognate forms from Island Carib and dialectal variation in Kari’nja (Carib of Surinam). Kari’nja words borrowed into Island Carib/Garífuna show a split between rounded and unrounded back vowels: rounded back vowels are reflexes of *o and *u, unrounded back vowels reflexes of *ô and *ɨ. Our analysis of Island Carib phonology was originally developed by Douglas Taylor in the 1960s, supplemented with unpublished Garifuna data collected by Taylor in the 1950s.
National Foreign Language Resource Center
Format:33 pages
Identifier:Gildea, Spike, B.J. Hoff & Sérgio Meira. 2010. The story of *ô in the Cariban Family. In Andrea L. Berez, Jean Mulder, & Daisy Rosenblum (eds.), Fieldwork and Linguistic Analysis in Indigenous Languages of the Americas, 91-123. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
978-0-8248-3530-9
Identifier (URI):http://hdl.handle.net/10125/4452
Language:English
Language (ISO639):eng
Publisher:University of Hawai'i Press
Relation:LD&C Special Publication 2
Rights:Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
Subject:Cariban
Proto-Cariban
reconstruction
comparative
phonology
Table Of Contents:05gildeaetal.pdf
Type:Book Chapter
Type (DCMI):Text

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Citation: Gildea, Spike; Hoff, B.J.; Meira, Sérgio. 2010. University of Hawai'i Press.
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