OLAC Record
oai:scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu:10125/1773

Metadata
Title:Bislama into Kwamera: Code-mixing and Language Change on Tanna (Vanuatu)
Bibliographic Citation:Lindstrom, Lamont; 2007-12-17; Kaipuleohone University of Hawai'i Digital Language Archive;http://hdl.handle.net/10125/1773.
Creator:Lindstrom, Lamont
Date (W3CDTF):2007-12-17
Description:People throughout Vanuatu frequently mix Bislama (that country’s national Pidgin) into their vernaculars. Extensive code-mixing is an obvious indicator, and sometime cause, of language change or even language replacement. This paper discusses several sorts of Bislama code-mixing on Tanna among speakers of that island’s Kwamera language. It assesses levels and kinds of Bislama use in four village debates, tape-recorded in 1982 and 1983. Among other uses, Kwamera speakers mix Bislama when interjecting, reiterating, reporting speech, neutralizing marked vernacular terms, and qualifying what they say. The paper concludes with some remarks on the phonological, morphological/syntactic, and lexical/semantic consequences of recurrent language mixing—on how Islanders’ insertions of Bislama into their oratorical and everyday talk may or may not be effecting linguistic change in Kwamera. Bislama, so far at least, has enriched more than it has impoverished Tanna’s linguistic ecology. Speakers’ frequent Bislama mixes have not yet seriously undermined their vernacular.
National Foreign Language Resource Center
Identifier:Lindstrom, Lamont. 2007. Bislama into Kwamera: Code-mixing and language change on Tanna (Vanuatu). Language Documentation & Conservation 1(2):216–239.
1934-5275
Identifier (URI):http://hdl.handle.net/10125/1773
Language:English
Language (ISO639):eng
Publisher:University of Hawai'i Press
Subject:Vanuatu
Tanna
Bislama
Kwamera
code-mixing
language change
Table Of Contents:1ldclogo.jpg
barredi.gif
barrediitalic.gif
cclogo2.gif
favicon.ico
ldclogo2.gif
lindstrom.html
lindstrom.pdf
lindstromnotes.html
printer.gif
Type:Article
Type (DCMI):Text

OLAC Info

Archive:  Language Documentation and Conservation
Description:  http://www.language-archives.org/archive/ldc.scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for OLAC format
GetRecord:  Pre-generated XML file

OAI Info

OaiIdentifier:  oai:scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu:10125/1773
DateStamp:  2016-10-12
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for simple DC format

Search Info

Citation: Lindstrom, Lamont. 2007. University of Hawai'i Press.
Terms: area_Europe country_GB dcmi_Text iso639_eng


http://www.language-archives.org/item.php/oai:scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu:10125/1773
Up-to-date as of: Fri Jun 28 10:07:43 EDT 2019