OLAC Record

Title:Kaŋgam ‘Bird of paradise’
Access Rights:Open (subject to agreeing to PDSC access conditions)
Bibliographic Citation:Darja Hoenigman (collector), Darja Munbaŋgoapik (performer), 2018. Kaŋgam ‘Bird of paradise’. TIFF/JPEG/MP4/MXF. DKH01-015_kanggam at catalog.paradisec.org.au. https://dx.doi.org/10.26278/C5NM-DE79
Contributor (compiler):Darja Hoenigman
Contributor (performer):Darja Munbaŋgoapik
Coverage (Box):northlimit=-4.16134; southlimit=-5.27824; westlimit=143.02; eastlimit=144.191
Coverage (ISO3166):PG
Date (W3CDTF):2018-08-15
Date Created (W3CDTF):2018-08-15
Description:This string figure is sometimes called kaŋgam ‘Lesser Bird of Paradise’ (Paradisaea minor) and sometimes kaŋganam, most likely ‘Twelve-wired Bird of Paradise’ (Seleucidis melanoleuca) whose female is called oloŋ. They are the most common bird-of-paradise species living in Awiakay forests, both featuring either prominent tail plumage (kaŋgam), or a conspicuous tail dance (kaŋganam). This is an important feature of this string figure, in which a second string is used only to represent the tail. Along with the hornbill (in Awiakay land this is Blyth’s Hornbill (Rhyticeros plicatus), called kyakwi, or in Tok Pisin kokomo), the bird of paradise is one of the most important birds in Awiakay mythology. It is in most cases anthropomorphised, appearing as one of the main characters in several myths. One of the myths explains where the bird of paradise got his beautiful plumage. He used to be a ‘dull-looking’ bird until one day when he went to wash with an embay ‘the Greater Black Coucal’ (Centropus menbeki). They both took off their ‘grass skirts’ before jumping in the river, but the bird of paradise quickly went out, saying he needs to go for a poo. He took away with embay’s ‘grass skirt’ and is now dancing in it, while the poor embay keeps walking around, crying for his beautiful plumage. That is why his eyes are all red. For the Awiakay, the movement of the grass-skirts in dancing has always been associated with bird-of paradise tail feathers and courting displays. The dancers need to make very particular swaying motions in order to make their grass-skirts move in a way that is considered particularly sexually attractive. The same holds true for bird of paradise feathers: they are highly valued decorations, sometimes stuck into the armbands and sometimes into head dresses. Their movement, too, contributes to the sexual appeal of a dancer (either male or female). When not in use, bird-of-paradise feathers are kept in hollowed-out bamboo pipes and stuck under the roof, out of reach of children. Bird of paradise feathers themselves, or any decorations made from them are a valuable gift. Two strings should be used for making this string figure, one comes to represent the tail, the other one the body of the bird. When the design is finished, the maker moves it, so that the strings representing the tail feathers dance. Images: 02: ‘bird of paradise’ final design 03: Darja Munbaŋgoapik showing the final design of ‘bird of paradise’ . Language as given: Awiakay
Format:Digitised: no Media: audiovisual recording
Identifier (URI):http://catalog.paradisec.org.au/repository/DKH01/015_kanggam
Language:Tok Pisin
Language (ISO639):tpi
Rights:Open (subject to agreeing to PDSC access conditions)
Subject (OLAC):language_documentation
Table Of Contents (URI):http://catalog.paradisec.org.au/repository/DKH01/015_kanggam/DKH01-015_kanggam-01.tif
Type (DCMI):MovingImage


Archive:  Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC)
Description:  http://www.language-archives.org/archive/paradisec.org.au
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for OLAC format
GetRecord:  Pre-generated XML file

OAI Info

OaiIdentifier:  oai:paradisec.org.au:DKH01-015_kanggam
DateStamp:  2022-06-22
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for simple DC format

Search Info

Citation: Darja Hoenigman (compiler); Darja Munbaŋgoapik (performer). 2018. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC).
Terms: area_Pacific country_PG dcmi_MovingImage iso639_tpi olac_language_documentation

Up-to-date as of: Fri Sep 29 2:26:01 EDT 2023